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混沌摆-黄 (2).png


混沌摆

       混沌是指发生在确定性系统中的貌似随机的不规则运动,一个确定性理论描述的系统,其行为却表现为不确定性、不可重复和不可预测性。进一步研究表明,混沌是非线性动力系统的固有特性,是非线性系统普遍存在的现象。在现实生活和实际工程技术问题中,混沌是无处不在的。
  本展品中的小水斗在不装水时因重力作用始终保持口部向上,但在接水到一定程度后平衡状态被打破,水斗将会倾斜,内部的水自行倾倒,同时整个水车围绕中心轴旋转。就是说,从水注入水斗开始,整个运动部分就处于一种不稳定平衡的运动状态,也就是混沌状态。
  通过观察水车摆臂的无序运动,分析现象,看看能不能找到摆动的顺序,通过参与认识了解混沌这一物理现象。
   

  Chaos refers to the seemingly random uncertainties in the irregular movement, a theoretical description of the uncertainty system ,his behavior has reflected uncertainty and unpredictability not repeat. Further study showed that the inherent characteristics of the nonlinear dynamical system is chaotic, nonlinear systems is a widespread phenomenon. In real life, and practical engineering problems, the chaos is everywhere. 

  The small Peltons always keep their mouths upward if we do not hold water in. But to a certain degree of water balance has been broken, Pelton will be tilted in favor of its own internal water dumping Meanwhile the entire water tankers around the central axis rotation. In other words, from water injection Pelton started the whole movement on the part of the campaign in a precarious state of balance. is a chaotic state. 
  Arm disorderly movement of water tankers through observation, analysis, in order to see whether or not they can find a swing. The physics involved in understanding this phenomenon through the chaos.     

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